That Valentine’s Day rose you bought recently may very well have grown in the sun and volcanic soil of Ecuador. As the world’s second largest exporter of roses, Ecuador is enjoying the sweet smell of success of its rose industry.
Blessed with year round temperate climates, relatively sunny conditions, and volcanic soil rich in nutrients, the roses here grow tall, straight, and wonderfully robust. Driving through certain areas north of Quito you are surrounded by acres upon acres of greenhouses growing hundreds of varieties of roses. This industry has become so important that the site of the new Quito Airport was chosen partially because of its proximity to the rose growing centres. It even has its own refrigerated warehouses to ensure cold chain storage for the roses on their way out of the country.
We have been lucky enough to go to one of the rose farms for a tour of their facilities and the 100 year old house. Rosadex is considered a medium rose exporter, with approximately 25 million stems exported last year. The largest rose farms will grow over 100 million stems every year!
These farms are almost like little communities with day care and health care facilities on site for their hundreds of workers. The benefits the workers receive are far better than outside the industry for similar types of jobs and due to that, retention is quite high. This is crucial for the farms as the entire process is very exacting. From the planting and cultivating, through the monitoring and picking, to the final selection and packaging, each step has a kind of art to it.
Familiarity with the hundreds of varieties of roses, and the different market tastes globally, will ensure that your roses are selected by international wholesalers. In the crowded field of international exports, one cannot overlook the basics of having committed and knowledgable staff.
Ecuador’s major rose markets are the U.S., Europe, Russia, and China. Each has a slightly different taste for roses – short stems and large heads in the U.S., the opposite in Europe, and long and large in Russia. The Chinese market meanwhile has opened up a whole new niche job at these rose farms – dying experts. Roses dyed the most exquisite array of colours are highly sought after in China – including multi-coloured petals! It is a precise job that entails splitting the stem and putting different parts into different dyed liquid for the flower to draw up into the petals. It is largely trial by error at first, but once a process is honed, it becomes carefully guarded.
Each rose farm will produce a variety of roses developed by breeders. They typically use a stock root for each plant, so it’s strong and well rooted to maximize the growing possibilities. Each rose comes with a unique name, often inspired by the breeder’s girlfriend, favorite holiday or music group – Pink Floyd, Cheryl, Hot Stuff to name a few. For every stem they sell, the breeder will get a small royalty, a huge endeavour to track, but a great benefit to the breeders who must spend hours perfecting each variety.
Rosadex is a family run business that started a little over 25 years ago and is on land the family has owned for a century. It is a marvellous location complete with an old Franciscan chapel, still used for family weddings! The creaky floors and historic artefacts around the main house take you back decades, all a mere stone’s throw from a highly modernised business. Every room is filled with roses, and the decor has subtle rose hints all over it. It is the type of place you would hope to find a flower farm.
Next to the house is an old barn, where the Jesuits who owned the property would keep their dairy cows and farming supplies. Today it is a magnificent showroom, home to no less than several hundred roses at any one time and historic artefacts from the property.
So, the next time you are picking up roses at the supermarket, look closely as they are likely from Ecuador. We even saw a delivery of Ecuadorian roses to a supermarket in Kauai when we were on holiday! Oh, and the ones that don’t make the export market are sold here locally – 25 roses for about $4.00!
If you would like to get some locally grown Ecuadorian roses shipped anywhere in the States, check out their website. You can often get a 2 for 1 deal, and have 25 roses for about $35. That includes FedEx shipping. You can select a delivery date and they will keep fresh for at least two weeks! Roses are shipped directly from Rosedex Farm in Ecuador! http://www.roses2give.com
If you are planning a visit to Ecuador, the Rose Farm and House will soon be open for public tours. They offer a breakfast, brunch or lunch option. Each visit includes a tour of the rose farm, the house, the chapel and old barn, and a homemade meal and drinks. It’s such a relaxing way to spend a few hours, surrounded by huge beautiful roses and enjoying delicious food in a historical setting! In 2019 they will be celebrating the 100th Anniversary of the house, so surely there will be some special celebrations – with roses of course!
Gracias Martin, family and staff – pups included – for always being fabulous hosts!